7th-8th History – Mar. 27- 31

8/10/09

INQUISITION & COLUMBUS SAILS WEST

– Week 26

Day 1 – Read The World of Columbus & Sons, p. 173-180.

What key victory of early 1492 made the way for Ferdinand and Isabella to support Columbus?

What was the Exodus of 1492?

Day 2 - The Story of Liberty, ch. 5.

Day 3 - The World of Columbus & Sons, p. 180-205.

What is Columbus’ secret signature and the translation?  What do the actions of Columbus in his treatment of Martin Pinzon and his attitude upon his triumphant return reveal of his character?  What character qualities has he exhibited over the 10 years of study and preparation?

Day 4 - The Story of Liberty, ch. 6.

Columbus’ great knowledge of what subject turns around his luck with the Indians?

RECITATION – “ A Mighty Fortress is Our God” by Martin Luther.

Recommended reading – The Last Crusader, George Grant.

This day in history – March 31, 1492 – King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella issued a joint edict expelling Jews from Spanish soil, except for those willing to convert to Christianity.

FERDINAND & ISABELLA; SAVONAROLA

- Week 25

Day 1 – Read World of Columbus & Sons, p. 88-114.

Explain the treasonous plot of the Archbishop of Toledo and Alfonso V against Queen Isabella.

Who was Ptolemy?

Day 2 – Read World of Columbus & Sons, p. 115 – 137.

How did Torquemada convince Queen Elizabeth to revive the inquisition?  Had she known the scriptures, what scriptures would have shown her the folly and error of this course?  See John 16: 1-4.  Analyze this in light of this incident. What advantage did King Ferdinand hope to gain by the Inquisition?

What conquest kept Ferdinand and Isabella too busy to attend to the request of Columbus?

Day 3 – Read World of Columbus & Sons, p. 138 – 156.

What key event of 1488 thwarted any hope of Columbus that King John of Portugal would finance his venture?

Day 4 – Read World of Columbus & Sons, p. 157 – 168; Famous Men of the  Renaissance & Reformation, ch. 7 Savonarola.

Describe the preaching of Savonarola.  What biblical characters from the Old and New Testament does he resemble?

RECITATION – “ A Mighty Fortress is our God,” by Martin Luther

THE RENAISSANCE; HENRY THE NAVIGATOR; LORENZO DE MEDICI

- Week 24

TAKE HOME TEST DUE FRIDAY!

Day 1 – Read The World of Columbus & Sons, p. 1-23.

What was unique about Isabella’s response to the Archbishop of Toledo’s proffer of the Crown?  Why?

Why did a wave of terror sweep across Europe when Mohammed II captured Constantinople?

Can Nicholas of Cusa’s view of the equality of religion be true?  Are Christianity and the Moslem faith mutually exclusive?  Find scripture to support your answer.

Day 2 – Read The World of Columbus & Sons, p. 24-43.

What did Prince Henry require of his sailors in their treatment of the people of Africa?

Describe the response of Nomi Mansa to the gospel and the lifestyle of European Christians.

Day 3 - Read The World of Columbus & Sons, p. 44-64.

Day 4 - Read The World of Columbus & Sons, p. 65-86; Famous Men of the Renaissance & Reformation, ch. 6.

Explain how Lorenzo de Medici consolidated his power after the death of his father.

RECITATION – “A Mighty Fortress is our God,” by Martin Luther

This week in history – (During spring break) -March 17, 461 – Tradition holds St.Patrick died on this day, which is why we celebrate St. Patrick’s day today.

GUTENBERG INVENTS THE PRINTING PRESS

– Week 23

Day 1 – Read The Story of Liberty, ch. 4.

Day 2 – Read Famous Men of the Middle Ages, ch. XXXIII (Gutenberg); Fine Print, p. 10-28.

Day 3 - Read Fine Print, p. 29-48.

Gutenberg apprenticed under whom?

How many years of work did it take Gutenberg to perfect the process and the technique of movable type?

Day 4 – Read Fine Print, p. 49-63.

Who financed Gutenberg’s experiments with printing?

What was the first book printed by Gutenberg?

What was the Church’s reaction to the thought that anyone could now own and read the Bible?

RECITATION – “Hymn,” by St. Thomas Aquinas

STUDY FOR TEST.  Take-home will be handed out on Friday, due back March 10th.

JOAN OF ARC, CONT’D

- Week 22

Day 1 – Read Joan of Arc, ch. 9-14.

Day 2 - Read Joan of Arc, ch. 15-18.

Day 3 – Read Joan of Arc, ch. 19-22.

Day 4 – Read Joan of Arc, ch. 23-27.

Where did Joan enjoy her first victory?

How many successive victories did Joan achieve?

What factors contributed to Joan’s first defeat and capture?

On what false charges did the Church indict and condemn Joan to death?

RECITATION – “Hymn,” by St. Thomas Aquinas

Recommended video – “Joan of Arc,” with Ingrid Bergman.

“Many of our people, without knowing it, are Christian heathen, and demand as much missionary effort as the heathen of foreign lands.”  –Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)

This day in history – Feb. 12, 1653 – Composer Corelli was born in Italy.

Feb. 18, 1516, Mary, later known as bloody Mary, was born the first living child of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, (daughter of famed Ferdinand and Isabella).

JAN HUS; JOAN OF ARC

- Week 21

Day 1 -Read Famous Men of the Renaissance & Reformation, ch. XXI Jan Hus; The Church in History, p. 144-147.

Day 2 - Read The Story of Liberty, ch. 3 (Jan Hus).

What two men most dramatically impacted Jan Hus, and how did he come to study them?

How did Hus end up in prison at the Council of Constance?

What was the name of the Emperor who promised him safe conduct?

The works of Faulfash and Wycliffe would later affect which great Reformer?

Day 3History of the English Speaking People, Joan of Arc, by Winston Churchill, attached.

What factors conspired against any rise of the French over English subjugation during the Hundred Years War?

What proofs of Joan’s character convinced the people of France and the Royal Council that Joan’s mission was divinely inspired?

Day 4Famous Men of the Middle Ages, ch. XXXII Joan of Arc;

Joan of Arc, ch. 1-8.

RECITATION – “Hymn,” by St. Thomas Aquinas.

Recommended reading for the ambitious: Joan of Arc, Mark Twain.

“The next best thing to being wise oneself is to live in a circle of those who are.”

–C.S. Lewis (1898-1963)

JOHN WYCLIFFE, CONT’D

- Week 20

Day 1 - Read Morning Star of the Reformation, p. 47-68.

Day 2 – Read Morning Star of the Reformation, p. 69-85.

Day 3 – Read Morning Star of the Reformation, p. 87-111.

Why were Wycliffe’s teachings so revolutionary?  In our society and in modern Christianity, do we take for granted many of the things for which Wycliffe fought so hard?

Day 4 – Read Morning Star of the Reformation, p. 113-134.

What were 3 of Wycliffe’s greatest contributions to mankind?

RECITATION – “Hymn,” by St. Thomas Aquinas.

“The greatest advances in human civilization have come when we recovered what we had lost; when we learned the lessons of history.”  –Winston Churchill (1874-1965)

JOHN WYCLIFFE TRANSLATES THE SCRIPTURE

– Week 19

Day 1 – Read The Story of Liberty, ch. 2; Famous Men of the Renaissance & Revolution, ch. XV, Wycliffe.

Day 2 – Read Morning Star of the Reformation, p. 3-24.

Where was Wycliffe from?

What was the center of all intellectual activity in England at this time?

Day 3 – Read  The Church in History, p. 143-144.

Day 4 – Read Morning Star of the Reformation, p.27-46.

RECITATION – “The Reeds of Runnymede,” by Rudyard Kipling.

Recommended video – “ John Wycliffe: The Morning Star.”

This week in history – Jan. 25, 1533 – King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn.

Jan. 28, 1547 – King Henry VIII died; succeeded by sickly 9-yr. old son Edward VI.

THE MAGNA CHARTA

part 3 – Week 18

Day 1 - Read The Magna Charta, p. 62-73.

Day 2 – Read The Magna Charta, p. 74-85.

Day 3 – Read The Magna Charta, p. 87-106.

Day 4 - Read The Magna Charta, p. 107-129.

How did King John inadvertently contribute to the development of the English Parliament?

What did Stephen Langton use as the foundation for the development of a charter to secure the rights and liberties of Englishmen?

Which provision of the Magna Charta was a first step toward parliamentary government?

Research Marco Polo in the encyclopedia or on the internet.  Write a 1-page paper about him.

Recitation – “The Reeds of Runnymede,” by Rudyard Kipling.

Recommended reading – This is the same time period as William Wallace and Robert the Bruce who fought for independence for Scotland.  Scottish Chiefs, by Jane Porter covers this & In Freedom’s Cause, G.A.Henty.

About William Tell, The Apple and the Arrow, by Mary & Conrad Buff.

This day in history – Jan. 15, 1559 – Queen Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England after the death of her half sister, Bloody Mary.

Jan. 17, 1604 – King James I appointed 54 scholars to produce a new translation of the bible.